Espresso Coffee is definitely one of the most popular drinks in the world. But how does it arrive on our tables? If you want to know more about the coffee production method you are reading the right article.
The first phase is certainly the one in which the fruit of coffee is collected, which has a shape similar to a berry. When the berries take on the characteristic reddish color that distinguishes the grains, they are ready to be harvested.
In most cases, the harvest is done by hand, berry by berry, because the coffee plant can simultaneously present flowers, unripe grains and other ripe grains.
2. Elimination of the pulp
In this phase the outer fleshy fruit is separated from the actual bean.
3. Fermentation of the grains
The grains are left to rest for fermentation: it is precisely in this phase that they take on the coloring and maturation necessary to be then processed.
4. Washing the grains
With the washing process the residues of the fruit attached to the grain are eliminated. And with them also sugars.
When drying, the coffee beans are exposed to the sun or to a heat source that reduces humidity and preserves them in the best possible way. Then the peel is extracted.
6. Packaging and transport
The beans are selected according to the size and number of defects and are collected in bags so that they can be transported. Nowadays, more and more containers are used for transport.
7. Roasting and packaging
The final act of coffee production, before it arrives at the store and then at the table, is that of roasting. It is the fundamental phase that gives the coffee its characteristic flavor and aroma. The roasters mix different types of coffee and toast them according to the taste of the local consumer. In Spain, for example, there is the habit of adding sugar.
Once toasted, the whole or ground coffee is vacuum packed to be marketed.